Biomarker Approach in Marine Monitoring and Assessment: New Insights and Perspectives



T. Schettino, R. Caricato, A. Calisi, M.E. Giordano, M.G. Lionetto*
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA), University of Salento, Italy


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© 2012 Schettino et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DiSTeBA), University of Salento, Via prov.le Lecce-Monteroni, 73100 Lecce, Italy; Tel: +39-0832 298694; Fax: +39 0832 298626; E-mail:giulia.lionetto@unisalento.it


Abstract

The measurement of cellular and sub cellular responses to chemical contaminants (referred to as biomarkers) in living organisms represents a recent tool in environmental monitoring. It answers to the need to detect exposure and to assess effects of pollutants on biota. Biomarkers have recently become an integral component of environmental monitoring programmes of marine environments in several countries as a supplement to the commonly used contaminant monitoring. The review reports and analyzes new insights and perspectives in the biomarker approach, including its recent application to the detection of the impact of biological pollution in marine environment.

Keywords: Biomarkers, biomonitoring, pollution.